common carp

Scientific name Cyprinus carpio
Descriptor Linnaeus
Year of description 1758
IUCN category VU
Family Cyprinidae
Genus Cyprinus
Cyprinus carpio Cyprinus carpio

Introduction

Cyprinus carpio, commonly known as common carp, is a fresh water fish.

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Who is it?

Morphology

  • Average size
    75 cm
  • Maximum size
    150 cm
  • Longevity
    20 year
  • Shape
    Ovoid
  • Average size
    75 cm
  • Maximum size
    150 cm
  • Longevity
    20 year
  • Shape
    Ovoid

How to recognize the common carp ?

This fish has the particularity to possess several pairs of barbels, which allow him to search the bottom and to detect the food thus moved.

The common carp measures around 75 cm. The females are more imposing and some specimens can reach 150 cm. This fish is unicolore with a predominantly argent body.

Sexual dimorphism

The female is bigger than the male.

The females have a more rounded abdomen than the males, they are generally stockier. This characteristic is exacerbated in the period of reproduction.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
    omnivorous
  • Sociability
    living in small groups
  • territorial
    No
  • Way of living
    nocturnal

The common carp is a fish living in small groups naturally found near the bottom. This species is omnivorous . This fish lives mainly at night. Usually, it leaves its hiding place and starts to be active once it gets dark.

n general, this species does not care much about other animals crossing its path.

Reproduction

  • Reproduction
    ovipare qui pond sur substrat découvert

The common carp is a fish ovipare qui pond sur substrat découvert.

Harmless species

This species does not represent any particular threats to humans when encountered in its natural environment.

Where to find it?

Where to see this species?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Temperature
    3 - 35 °C
  • pH (acidity)
    6.5 - 8.5
  • gh (hardness)
    10 - 15
  • Flow
    Slow and Stagnant

Biotope presentation

To go further

Species of the same family

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Patrick Chartrer

Patrick Chartrer

Benoit Chartrer

Benoit Chartrer

Translation

Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

Bibliographic references

Les Poissons d'eau douce de France - Eric Feunteun - Jean Allardi - Philippe Keith - Biotope Edition - 2011. Collection Inventaires & Biodiversité, publication scientifique du Muséum

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Where to see this species?

Species of the same family

Same genus

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