short-snouted seahorse

Scientific name Hippocampus hippocampus
Descriptor Linnaeus
Year of description 1758
IUCN category DD
Family Syngnathidae
Genus Hippocampus
Hippocampus hippocampus Hippocampus hippocampus


Hippocampus hippocampus, commonly known as short-snouted seahorse, is a salt water fish.

Who is it?


  • Average size
    7 cm
  • Maximum size
    13 cm
  • Average size
    7 cm
  • Maximum size
    13 cm

How to recognize the short-snouted seahorse ?

The short-snouted seahorse measures between 7 and 13 cm. This fish is multicolore with a predominantly jaune, orange, noir, marron and violet body.

Sexual dimorphism

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
  • Sociability
    living as a couple or alone
  • territorial
  • Way of living

The short-snouted seahorse is a fish living as a couple or alone naturally found in the vegetation. This species is planctophage .

n general, this species does not care much about other animals crossing its path.


  • Reproduction

The short-snouted seahorse is a fish ovovivipare.

Harmless species

This species does not represent any particular threats to humans when encountered in its natural environment.

Where to find it?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Temperature
    24 - 28 °C
  • Depth
    1 - 60 m
  • Flow
    Slow and Stagnant

Biotope presentation

The short-snouted seahorse is most often found at a depth between 1m and 60m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

Species of the same biotope


Not recommended

We do not recommend keeping this species in an aquarium. It has unpredictable needs which, if not met, generate significant stress, potentially leading to a shorter life expectancy, an interruption of its growth or the development of pathogens.

To go further

Species of the same family

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Benoit Chartrer

Benoit Chartrer


Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

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Species of the same family

Same genus

Species of the same biotope

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