madeira rockfish

Scientific name Scorpaena maderensis
Descriptor Valenciennes
Year of description 1833
IUCN category LC
Family Scorpaenidae
Genus Scorpaena
Scorpaena maderensis Scorpaena maderensis


Scorpaena maderensis, commonly known as madeira rockfish, is a salt water fish.

Who is it?


  • Average size
    10 cm
  • Maximum size
    18 cm
  • Longevity
    15 year
  • Shape
  • Mimicry
  • Pattern
    vertical stripes
  • Average size
    10 cm
  • Maximum size
    18 cm
  • Longevity
    15 year
  • Shape
  • Mimicry
  • Pattern
    vertical stripes

How to recognize the madeira rockfish ?

The madeira rockfish measures between 10 and 18 cm. This fish is tricolore with a predominantly rouge, marron and blanc body. The also has blanc vertical stripes.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
  • Sociability
  • territorial
  • Way of living

The madeira rockfish is a fish solitary naturally found on the bottom. This species is carnivorous .

Although the madeira rockfish is non-territorial, it is sometimes aggressive towards other species.


  • Reproduction
    ovipare qui pond sur substrat caché

The madeira rockfish is a fish ovipare qui pond sur substrat caché.

Risks for humans

  • Venomous

This species is venomous and can cause serious injuries when touched.

What to do in the event of a sting?

in case of sting, the following rules should be followed, in this order:

  • Isolate the victim from the danger and quickly remove him or her from the water
  • Call for help
  • Lay the victim down in a half-sitting position and avoid any effort
  • Immobilize the affected limb
  • Clean the wound
  • The venom of this species being thermolabile, it can be neutralized if it is submitted to a temperature of about 45 °C. It is therefore possible to heat the wound. This popular technique should be practiced with great care so as not to aggravate the wound by burning it. It is advisable to immerse the affected limb in hot water.
  • If the puncture is too deep, heating the wound will be less effective.

Sometimes the sting can cause discomfort or even loss of consciousness in the victim. The stings are usually very painful.

Where to find it?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Depth
    10 - 40 m

Biotope presentation

The madeira rockfish is most often found at a depth between 10m and 40m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

To go further

Species of the same family

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Benoit Chartrer

Benoit Chartrer


Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

Bibliographic references

A revised description of Scorpaena maderensis (Scorpaenidae) by means of meristic and morphometric analysis - J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K - 2005.

Age and growth of madeira scorpionfish, Scorpaena maderensis Valenciennes, 1833, in the central Mediterranean - Cuad Med Forense - 2005.

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