Scientific name Sparisoma cretense
Descriptor Linnaeus
Year of description 1758
IUCN category LC
Family Scaridae
Genus Sparisoma
Sparisoma cretense Sparisoma cretense


Sparisoma cretense, commonly known as parrotfish, is a salt water fish.

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Who is it?


  • Average size
    30 cm
  • Maximum size
    50 cm
  • Average size
    30 cm
  • Maximum size
    50 cm

How to recognize the parrotfish ?

The parrotfish measures between 30 and 50 cm. This fish is unicolore with a predominantly marron and gris body.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
    omnivorous with herbivorous tendency
  • Sociability
    living in a group or alone
  • territorial
  • Way of living

The parrotfish is a fish living in a group or alone naturally found in the vegetation. This species is omnivorous with herbivorous tendency .

This species is territorial and does not appreciate the presence of intruders nearby, especially animals with similar behavior. However, the parrotfish has little concern for non-territorial animals.


  • Reproduction
    ovipare qui pond en eau libre

The parrotfish is a fish ovipare qui pond en eau libre.

Harmless species

This species does not represent any particular threats to humans when encountered in its natural environment.

Where to find it?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Temperature
    15 - 25 °C
  • Depth
    5 - 30 m

Biotope presentation

The parrotfish is most often found at a depth between 5m and 30m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

Species of the same biotope

To go further

Species of the same family

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Benoit Chartrer

Benoit Chartrer

Julie Magnus

Julie Magnus


Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

Bibliographic references

First record of the Mediterranean parrotfish, Sparisoma cretense in Ria Formosa (south Portugal) - David Abecasis - Luís Bentes - Joaquim Ribeiro - Daniel Machado - Frederico Oliveira - Pedro Veiga - Jorge M.S. Gonçalves - Karim Erzini - JMBA2 - Biodiversity Records - 2005.

Occurrence of the Mediterranean parrotfish Sparisoma cretense(Perciformes: Scaridae) in south-eastern Apulia (south-east Italy) - Paolo Guidetti - Ferdinando Boero - Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK - 2001.

Social organization and sexual pattern in the Mediterranean parrotfish Sparisoma cretense (Teleostei: Scaridae) - M. de Girolamo - M. Scaggiante - M. B. Rasotto - Marine Biology - 1999.

Review of the Parrotfishes Family Scaridae - Leonard P. Schultz - United States National Museum - 1958.

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Species of the same family

Species of the same biotope

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