great barracuda

Scientific name Sphyraena barracuda
Descriptor Edwards
Year of description 1771
IUCN category LC
Family Sphyraenidae
Genus Sphyraena
Sphyraena barracuda Sphyraena barracuda


Sphyraena barracuda, commonly known as great barracuda, is a salt water fish.

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Who is it?


  • Average size
    140 cm
  • Maximum size
    200 cm
  • Pattern
    vertical stripes
  • Average size
    140 cm
  • Maximum size
    200 cm
  • Pattern
    vertical stripes

How to recognize the great barracuda ?

The great barracuda measures between 140 and 200 cm. This fish is unicolore with a predominantly gris body. The also has noir vertical stripes.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
  • Sociability
  • territorial
  • Way of living

The great barracuda hunts in the stalk and is one of the predators of its biotope. Opportunistic, it does not hesitate to attack any smaller animal nearby.

The great barracuda is a fish solitary naturally found close to the surface. This species is carnivorous .

This species is territorial and does not appreciate the presence of intruders nearby, especially animals with similar behavior. However, the great barracuda is generally peaceful with non-territorial animals that cannot be potential prey.


  • Reproduction
    ovipare qui pond en eau libre

The great barracuda is a fish ovipare qui pond en eau libre.

Risks for humans

  • Venomous
  • Bite

This species can attack if it feels threatened. It is important to be particularly vigilant especially during dives or fishing sessions.

Where to find it?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Depth
    1 - 100 m

Biotope presentation

The great barracuda is most often found at a depth between 1m and 100m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

Species of the same biotope


Not recommended

We do not recommend keeping this species in an aquarium. It has unpredictable needs which, if not met, generate significant stress, potentially leading to a shorter life expectancy, an interruption of its growth or the development of pathogens.

To go further

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Adrien Falzon

Adrien Falzon

Benoit Chartrer

Benoit Chartrer

Yuhei Nakata

Yuhei Nakata


Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

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