gilthead seabream

Scientific name Sparus aurata
Descriptor Linnaeus
Year of description 1758
IUCN category LC
Family Sparidae
Genus Sparus
Sparus aurata Sparus aurata

Introduction

Sparus aurata, commonly known as gilthead seabream, is a salt water fish.

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Who is it?

Morphology

  • Type
  • Average size
    50 cm
  • Maximum size
    70 cm
  • Longevity
    25 year
  • Shape
    Ovoid
  • Type
  • Average size
    50 cm
  • Maximum size
    70 cm
  • Longevity
    25 year
  • Shape
    Ovoid

How to recognize the gilthead seabream ?

The gilthead seabream measures between 50 and 70 cm. This fish is unicolore with a predominantly gris body.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
    carnivorous
  • Sociability
    living in shoals
  • territorial
    No
  • Way of living
    diurnal

The gilthead seabream is a fish living in shoals. This species is carnivorous .

Although the gilthead seabream is non-territorial, it is sometimes aggressive towards other species.

Reproduction

  • Reproduction
    ovipare qui pond en eau libre
  • Hermaphrodite
    protandric

The gilthead seabream is a fish ovipare qui pond en eau libre. This fish always born male. Growing up, individuals will change sex to become female, this is called successive hermaphroditism of the protandrous type.

Harmless species

This species does not represent any particular threats to humans when encountered in its natural environment.

Where to find it?

Where to see this species?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Depth
    1 - 150 m
  • Flow
    Medium and Slow

Biotope presentation

The gilthead seabream is most often found at a depth between 1m and 150m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

Species of the same biotope

Fishkeeping

Not recommended

We do not recommend keeping this species in an aquarium. It has unpredictable needs which, if not met, generate significant stress, potentially leading to a shorter life expectancy, an interruption of its growth or the development of pathogens.

To go further

Species of the same family

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Yuhei Nakata

Yuhei Nakata

Benoit Chartrer

Benoit Chartrer

Garnier Julie

Garnier Julie

Théo Guillaume

Théo Guillaume

Adrien Falzon

Adrien Falzon

Translation

Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

Bibliographic references

Factors influencing effective population size in commercial populations of gilthead seabream, Sparus aurata - R. Cameron Brown - John A. Woolliams - Brendan J. McAndrew - Elsevier Ltd - 2005.

The effects of photoperiod and water exchange rate on growth and survival of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata, Linnaeus; Sparidae) from hatching to metamorphosis in mass rearing systems - Amos Tandler - Sarah Helps - Elsevier Ltd - 1985.

Long-term exposure to microplastics induces oxidative stress and a pro-inflammatory response in the gut of Sparus aurata Linnaeus, 1758 - Antònia Solomando - Xavier Capó - Carme Alomar - Elvira Álvarez - Montserrat Compa - José María Valencia - Samuel Pinya - Salud Deudero - Antoni Sureda - Elsevier Ltd - 2020.

Effect of temperature on the development of skeletal deformities in Gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata Linnaeus, 1758) - E.Georgakopoulou - P.Katharios - P.Divanach - G.Koumoundouros - Elsevier Ltd - 2010.

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Where to see this species?

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Species of the same family

Species of the same biotope

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