black goby

Scientific name Gobius niger
Descriptor Linnaeus
Year of description 1758
IUCN category LC
Family Gobiidae
Genus Gobius
Gobius niger Gobius niger

Introduction

Gobius niger, commonly known as black goby, is a salt water fish.

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Who is it?

Morphology

  • Average size
    16 cm
  • Maximum size
    18 cm
  • Longevity
    5 year
  • Shape
    Rectangular
  • Mimicry
    rocky bottoms
  • Pattern
    mottling
  • Average size
    16 cm
  • Maximum size
    18 cm
  • Longevity
    5 year
  • Shape
    Rectangular
  • Mimicry
    rocky bottoms
  • Pattern
    mottling

How to recognize the black goby ?

The black goby measures around 16 cm. The dominant males can however reach 18 cm. This fish is bicolore with a predominantly noir and gris body. The also has marron mottling.

Sexual dimorphism

The adult male is bigger than the female.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
    carnivorous
  • Sociability
    solitary
  • territorial
    No
  • Way of living
    diurnal

The black goby is a fish solitary. This species is carnivorous .

Although the black goby is non-territorial, it is sometimes aggressive towards other species.

Reproduction

  • Reproduction
    ovipare qui pond sur substrat caché

The black goby is a fish ovipare qui pond sur substrat caché. This fish protects its eggs from nearby predators.

Harmless species

This species does not represent any particular threats to humans when encountered in its natural environment.

Where to find it?

Where to see this species?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Temperature
    8 - 24 °C
  • Depth
    1 - 50 m

Biotope presentation

The black goby is most often found at a depth between 1m and 50m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

Species of the same biotope

To go further

Species of the same family

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Adrien Falzon

Adrien Falzon

Benoit Chartrer

Benoit Chartrer

Translation

Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

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Scientific partners

Species of the same family

Same genus

Species of the same biotope

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