mediterranean moray

Scientific name Muraena helena
Descriptor Linnaeus
Year of description 1758
IUCN category LC
Family Muraenidae
Genus Muraena
Muraena helena Muraena helena

Introduction

Muraena helena, commonly known as mediterranean moray, is a salt water fish.

Who is it?

Morphology

  • Average size
    100 cm
  • Maximum size
    150 cm
  • Longevity
    15 year
  • Shape
    Serpentiform
  • Pattern
    tasks
  • Average size
    100 cm
  • Maximum size
    150 cm
  • Longevity
    15 year
  • Shape
    Serpentiform
  • Pattern
    tasks

How to recognize the mediterranean moray ?

The mediterranean moray measures between 100 and 150 cm. This fish is bicolore with a predominantly marron, or and gris body. The also has jaune tasks.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
    carnivorous
  • Sociability
    solitary
  • territorial
    Yes
  • Way of living
    nocturnal

The mediterranean moray is a fish solitary naturally found near the bottom. This species is carnivorous . This fish lives mainly at night. Usually, it leaves its hiding place and starts to be active once it gets dark.

This species is territorial and does not appreciate the presence of intruders nearby, especially animals with similar behavior. It can also be virulent toward conspecifics. However, the mediterranean moray has little concern for non-territorial animals.

Reproduction

  • Migratory species
    No

The mediterranean moray is a fish ovipare qui pond en eau libre.

Risks for humans

  • Venomous
    No
  • Bite
    Yes

This species can attack if it feels threatened. It is important to be particularly vigilant especially during dives or fishing sessions.

Where to find it?

Where to see this species?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Depth
    1 - 800 m
  • Flow
    Medium

Biotope presentation

The mediterranean moray is most often found at a depth between 1m and 800m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

Fishkeeping

Not recommended

We do not recommend keeping this species in an aquarium. It has unpredictable needs which, if not met, generate significant stress, potentially leading to a shorter life expectancy, an interruption of its growth or the development of pathogens.

To go further

Species of the same family

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Yuhei Nakata

Yuhei Nakata

Benoit Chartrer

Benoit Chartrer

Adrien Falzon

Adrien Falzon

Translation

Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

Interact with Fishipedia

To get in touch with our team or participate in our project.

Template and content © Fishipedia - Unauthorized reproduction without prior request - ISSN 2270-7247 - Last modification 12/11/2023

Where to see this species?

Species of the same family

Scientific partners

  • {{name}}

    {{#street_number}}{{street_number}}, {{/street_number}}{{#route}}{{route}}{{/route}}
    {{postal_code}} {{town}}

    {{#phone}}{{phone}}{{/phone}}{{^phone}}-{{/phone}}