Osphronemus goramy

Scientific name Osphronemus goramy
Descriptor Lacepède
Year of description 1801
IUCN category LC
Family Osphronemidae
Genus Osphronemus
Osphronemus goramy Osphronemus goramy

Introduction

Osphronemus goramy is a fresh water fish from the Asia.

Who is it?

Morphology

  • Average size
    45 cm
  • Maximum size
    70 cm
  • Longevity
    25 year
  • Average size
    45 cm
  • Maximum size
    70 cm
  • Longevity
    25 year

How to recognize Osphronemus goramy ?

Like all fish of its genus, Osphronemus goramy has the particularity of being able to breathe in two different ways. In addition to the classic gills, this species is equipped with a breathing apparatus called Labyrinthe which allows it to absorb oxygen from the air. These species are commonly called the labyrinth Fish.

Osphronemus goramy measures between 45 and 70 cm. This fish is unicolore with a predominantly gris body.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
    omnivorous with carnivorous tendency
  • Sociability
    living in shoals
  • territorial
    No
  • Way of living
    diurnal

Osphronemus goramy is a fish living in shoals naturally found mid-depth and near surface. This species is omnivorous with carnivorous tendency .

Although Osphronemus goramy is non-territorial, it is sometimes aggressive towards other species.

Reproduction

  • Migratory species
    No

Osphronemus goramy is a fish ovipare réalisant des nids de bulles. This fish protects its eggs from nearby predators.

Harmless species

This species does not represent any particular threats to humans when encountered in its natural environment.

Where to find it?

Where to see this species?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Temperature
    20 - 30 °C
  • pH (acidity)
    6.5 - 8
  • gh (hardness)
    20 - 25

Biotope presentation

Osphronemus goramy is most often found at a depth between 0m and 10m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths. This animal evolves in areas characterized by a strong presence of vegetation (aquatic and marsh plants, decaying organic matter, roots...).

This species lives near large roots, in which it can find refuge in case of danger. This type of habitat is often found not far from the banks.

During dry periods, Osphronemus goramy may find themselves isolated in marshes and small water holes with little oxygen. Its ability to gasp for air at the surface allows it to resist until the next season.

Species of the same biotope

Main recommendations for fishkeeping

Deontology

In order to preserve wildlife, if you acquire this animal, it must not be released into the wild. See also, the Fishipedia charter.

Fishipedia supports the practice of responsible and environmentally friendly aquarium keeping. We encourage maintenance if it is motivated by a desire to understand the biological functioning of living things and if it is done with respect for animal life.

We believe that aquaristics is an opening to the discovery of aquatic environments, especially freshwater, and that this knowledge is necessary to better protect and respect these environments. Logically, we refute the compulsive purchase of animals that would not find a sufficient and / or adapted place in the host aquarium.

Our recommendations

  • Min volume
    5000 liters
  • Population min
    not specified
  • Temperature
    20 - 30 °C
  • pH (acidity)
    6.5 - 8

Characteristics

  • Difficulty breeding
    moderate
  • Behaviour
    slightly aggressive

General reminders

It is strongly advised to read the complete dedicated file and to get information on the feedbacks of maintenance of the envisaged animal, this to avoid any potential conflict whose end result is generally the death of the individual (or the other inhabitants). It is important not to overload your aquarium to limit pollution. This will make maintenance easier.

In nature, animals are subject to weather conditions and live in waters with variable characteristics. The recommendations offered by our team for aquarium maintenance are a guidance and cannot be assimilated to scientific datas.

General reminder on maintenance datas

Le démarrage d'un aquarium est une partie primordiale pour l'équilibre et le bien-être des poissons. Lorsque l'on met en eau un aquarium, l'eau passe naturellement par un cycle biologique : le cycle de l'azote. Celui-ci dure environ trois semaines. Tous les 2 jours, nous vous conseillons de tester votre eau jusqu'à ce que le taux de nitrite soit à zéro pendant plusieurs jours d'affilée.

Pour accélérer ce cycle, vous pouvez utiliser un activateur de bactéries comme JBL Denitrol. Cette solution riche en bactéries vivantes et enzymes permet une mise en place rapide du cycle de l'azote. Les poissons peuvent alors être introduits plus rapidement.

Il est important de tester l'eau de son aquarium régulièrement pour maintenir un environnement sain pour les poissons et les autres habitants. Les tests d'eau permettent de mesurer les niveaux de différents paramètres tels que le pH, la dureté totale, ainsi que les taux de nitrates, de nitrites et d'ammoniaque.

Pour réaliser ces tests, vous pouvez utiliser des produits d'analyse spécialisés tels que JBL ProScan qui permet de réaliser un diagnostic de l'eau directement via un smartphone. Il existe également des coffrets de tests plus classiques de bandelettes, comme JBL PROAQUATEST.

En cas d’usage de l’eau du robinet, vous pouvez utiliser un conditionneur d’eau de type Biotopol de JBL pour éliminer les substances nocives comme le chlore, le cuivre, le plomb et le zinc. Les conditionneurs d'eau garantissent une meilleure santé aux poissons et une meilleure croissance des plantes.

Chlorine and chloramine are dangerous for the health of animals. Used to disinfect water, these agents are present in significant quantities in tap water. We recommend using an anti-chlorine agent every time you change the water. In addition to chlorine, treatments and medicines sold for aquarium use sometimes contain dangerous heavy metals in high doses.

Specific needs for Osphronemus goramy

Osphronemus goramy is a species which lives naturally at a temperature between 20 °C and 30 °C. For proper maintenance, the temperature should never exceed the 33°C for long periods. Nitrate levels should remain below 50mg/L. To keep the water clean and unpolluted, plan on changing 20% to 30% of the water volume each month.

The breeding of this species is accessible on condition of being well informed about its needs in aquarium . Any cohabitants must be chosen with care to avoid the loss of animals.

Fish with a maze

The ability to breathe at the surface makes this fish more likely to live in small volumes. Naturally, Osphronemus goramy can be found for long periods in water holes where oxygen is scarce.

Cohabitation & Environment

Being a living in shoals fish, it is advisable to install at least 0 individuals in an aquarium of 5000 liters minimum. Group maintenance is a prerequisite to ensure their well-being. Lonely individuals tend to quickly become stressed and become especially susceptible to disease. Warning, mixing several species living in the same living area is not recommended if the volume is not significant.

The species enjoys a particularly vegetation-rich environment. The addition of plants will provide many useful hiding places for resting. These areas are also conducive to possible breeding in the aquarium.

Tips for feeding

Osphronemus goramy is omnivorous with carnivorous tendency.

This species can eat dry food (flakes, pellets), fresh food and frozen food. To avoid deficiencies, it is recommended to vary the types of food.

You should not overfeed your residents to avoid polluting the water. For most species, it is better to feed a few small portions each day rather than one large meal.

Reproduction protocol

  • Spawning cleaning
    Female
  • egg-laying protection
    Female
  • Fry protection
    No

Hybridization risks

In general, it is advised not to mix several species of the same genus or different varieties of the same species, to avoid the risks of hybridization.

These animals might interest you

To go further

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To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Adrien Falzon

Adrien Falzon

Benoit Chartrer

Benoit Chartrer

Translation

Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

Bibliographic references

Survey on egg and fry production of giant gourami (Osphronemus goramy): Current rearing practices and recommendations for future research - Anang Hari Kristanto - Jacques Slembrouck - Jojo Subagja - Simon Pouil - Otong Zenal Arifin - Vitas Atmadi Prakoso - Marc Legendre - WILEY - 2019.

Some aspects in early life stage of giant gourami, Osphronemus goramy (Lacepede) larvae - Thumronk Amornsakun - Surasak Kullai - Anuar Hassan - Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology - 2014.

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Species of the same biotope

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