spotted tilapia

Scientific name Pelmatolapia mariae
Descriptor Boulenger
Year of description 1899
IUCN category LC
Family Cichlidae
Genus Pelmatolapia
Pelmatolapia mariae Pelmatolapia mariae


Pelmatolapia mariae, commonly known as spotted tilapia, is a fresh water fish.

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Who is it?


  • Average size
    17 cm
  • Maximum size
    32 cm
  • Pattern
  • Average size
    17 cm
  • Maximum size
    32 cm
  • Pattern

How to recognize the spotted tilapia ?

The spotted tilapia measures between 17 and 32 cm. This fish is tricolore with a predominantly jaune, noir and gris body. The also has noir ponctuations.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
    omnivorous with alguivorous tendency
  • Sociability
    living as a couple
  • territorial
  • Way of living

The spotted tilapia is a fish living as a couple naturally found near the bottom. This species is omnivorous with alguivorous tendency .

Although the spotted tilapia is non-territorial, it is sometimes aggressive towards other species.


  • Reproduction
    ovipare qui pond sur substrat découvert

The spotted tilapia is a fish ovipare qui pond sur substrat découvert. This fish protects its eggs from nearby predators.

Harmless species

This species does not represent any particular threats to humans when encountered in its natural environment.

Where to find it?

Where to see this species?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Temperature
    20 - 25 °C
  • pH (acidity)
    6 - 8
  • gh (hardness)
    5 - 19

Biotope presentation

This animal evolves in areas characterized by a strong presence of vegetation (aquatic and marsh plants, decaying organic matter, roots...).

This species lives near large roots, in which it can find refuge in case of danger. This type of habitat is often found not far from the banks.

Species of the same biotope

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Species of the same family

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Adrien Falzon

Adrien Falzon


Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

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Where to see this species?

Scientific partners

Species of the same family

Species of the same biotope

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