atlantic salmon

Scientific name Salmo salar
Descriptor Linnaeus
Year of description 1758
IUCN category LC
Family Salmonidae
Genus Salmo
Salmo salar Salmo salar


Salmo salar, commonly known as atlantic salmon, is a salt water fish.

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Who is it?


  • Average size
    100 cm
  • Maximum size
    120 cm
  • Longevity
    6 year
  • Pattern
  • Average size
    100 cm
  • Maximum size
    120 cm
  • Longevity
    6 year
  • Pattern

How to recognize the atlantic salmon ?

The atlantic salmon measures between 100 and 120 cm. This fish is multicolore with a predominantly argent, beige and or body. The also has rouge, jaune and bleu ponctuations.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
  • Sociability
    living in a group or alone
  • territorial
  • Way of living

The atlantic salmon is a fish living in a group or alone naturally found mid-depth and near surface. This species is carnivorous .

n general, this species does not care much about other animals crossing its path.


  • Reproduction
    ovipare qui enfouit ses œufs
  • Migratory species

The atlantic salmon is a fish ovipare qui enfouit ses œufs.

Harmless species

This species does not represent any particular threats to humans when encountered in its natural environment.

Where to find it?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Temperature
    7 - 20 °C
  • Depth
    10 - 30 m
  • Flow

Biotope presentation

The atlantic salmon is most often found at a depth between 10m and 30m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

To go further

Species of the same family

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Benoit Chartrer

Benoit Chartrer


Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

In collaboration with : Reflets d'eau douce

Bibliographic references

Les Poissons d'eau douce de France - Eric Feunteun - Jean Allardi - Philippe Keith - Biotope Edition - 2011. Collection Inventaires & Biodiversité, publication scientifique du Muséum

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Species of the same family

Same genus

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