european pilchard

Scientific name Sardina pilchardus
Descriptor Walbaum
Year of description 1792
IUCN category LC
Family Clupeidae
Genus Sardina
Sardina pilchardus Sardina pilchardus


Sardina pilchardus, commonly known as european pilchard, is a salt water fish.

Who is it?


  • Average size
    20 cm
  • Maximum size
    28 cm
  • Average size
    20 cm
  • Maximum size
    28 cm

How to recognize the european pilchard ?

The european pilchard measures between 20 and 28 cm. This fish is bicolore with a predominantly bleu, vert and blanc body.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
  • Sociability
    living in shoals
  • territorial
  • Way of living

The european pilchard is a fish living in shoals. This species is planctophage .

n general, this species does not care much about other animals crossing its path.


  • Reproduction
  • Migratory species

The european pilchard is a fish ovovivipare.

Harmless species

This species does not represent any particular threats to humans when encountered in its natural environment.

Where to find it?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Depth
    10 - 100 m
  • Environment
    Active pelagic

Biotope presentation

The european pilchard is most often found at a depth between 10m and 100m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

Species of the same biotope

To go further

Species of the same family

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Silvia Gomez

Silvia Gomez

Julie Magnus

Julie Magnus


Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

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Species of the same family

Species of the same biotope

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