Scorpaena scrofa

Scientific name Scorpaena scrofa
Descriptor Linnaeus
Year of description 1758
IUCN category LC
Family Scorpaenidae
Genus Scorpaena
Scorpaena scrofa Scorpaena scrofa

Introduction

Scorpaena scrofa is a salt water fish.

Who is it?

Morphology

  • Average size
    30 cm
  • Maximum size
    58 cm
  • Longevity
    25 year
  • Shape
    Ovoid
  • Mimicry
    stone
  • Pattern
    mottling
  • Average size
    30 cm
  • Maximum size
    58 cm
  • Longevity
    25 year
  • Shape
    Ovoid
  • Mimicry
    stone
  • Pattern
    mottling

How to recognize Scorpaena scrofa ?

Scorpaena scrofa measures between 30 and 58 cm. This fish is bicolore with a predominantly rouge and marron body. The also has rouge and marron mottling.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
    carnivorous
  • Sociability
    solitary
  • territorial
    No
  • Way of living
    diurnal

Scorpaena scrofa is a fish solitary naturally found on the bottom. This species is carnivorous .

Although Scorpaena scrofa is non-territorial, it is sometimes aggressive towards other species.

Reproduction

  • Migratory species
    No

Scorpaena scrofa is a fish ovipare qui pond sur substrat caché.

Risks for humans

  • Venomous
    Yes

This species is venomous and can cause serious injuries when touched.

What to do in the event of a sting?

in case of sting, the following rules should be followed, in this order:

  • Isolate the victim from the danger and quickly remove him or her from the water
  • Call for help
  • Lay the victim down in a half-sitting position and avoid any effort
  • Immobilize the affected limb
  • Clean the wound
  • The venom of this species being thermolabile, it can be neutralized if it is submitted to a temperature of about 45 °C. It is therefore possible to heat the wound. This popular technique should be practiced with great care so as not to aggravate the wound by burning it. It is advisable to immerse the affected limb in hot water.
  • If the puncture is too deep, heating the wound will be less effective.

Sometimes the sting can cause discomfort or even loss of consciousness in the victim. The stings are usually very painful.

Where to find it?

Where to see this species?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Depth
    15 - 500 m

Biotope presentation

Scorpaena scrofa is most often found at a depth between 15m and 500m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

Species of the same biotope

To go further

Species of the same family

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Benoit Chartrer

Benoit Chartrer

Julie Magnus

Julie Magnus

Bibliographic references

Age, growth, and mortality of largescaled scorpionfish (Scorpaena scrofa, Linnaeus, 1758) in the eastern Adriatic Sea - Sanja Matić-Skoko - Miro Kraljević - Armin Pallaoro - Jakov Dulčić - Internacional Society of Zoological Sciences - 2008.

Embryonic and larval development of largescaled scorpionfish Scorpaena scrofa (Scorpaenidae) - Tanja Šegvić Grubišić - Leon Katavic - Ivan Bartulovic - Vlasta  Pallaoro - Jakov Dulčić - Cybium - 2008.

The biological traits of the large red scorpionfish, Scorpaena scrofa: Temporal and ontogenetic dynamics - Sanja Matić - Jakov Dulčić - Armin Pallaoro - Miro Kraljević - Nika Stagličić - Elsevier Ltd - 2015.

FAO - Scorpaena scrofa - J. Martinez - D. Lloris - FAO Fisheries Synopsis - 1999.

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Template and content © Fishipedia - Unauthorized reproduction without prior request - ISSN 2270-7247 - Last modification 12/11/2023

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