european barracuda

Scientific name Sphyraena sphyraena
Descriptor Linneaus
Year of description 1758
IUCN category LC
Family Sphyraenidae
Genus Sphyraena
Sphyraena sphyraena Sphyraena sphyraena


Sphyraena sphyraena, commonly known as european barracuda, is a salt water fish.

This sheet is currently being prepared. The texts currently proposed come from our data model or are being drafted. To request priority for this content, you can write to us HERE.

Who is it?


  • Average size
    60 cm
  • Maximum size
    156 cm
  • Longevity
    10 year
  • Pattern
    vertical stripes
  • Average size
    60 cm
  • Maximum size
    156 cm
  • Longevity
    10 year
  • Pattern
    vertical stripes

How to recognize the european barracuda ?

The european barracuda measures between 60 and 156 cm. This fish is unicolore with a predominantly argent and gris body. The also has noir vertical stripes.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
  • Sociability
    living in shoals
  • territorial
  • Way of living

The european barracuda hunts in the stalk and is one of the predators of its biotope. Opportunistic, it does not hesitate to attack any smaller animal nearby.

The european barracuda is a fish living in shoals naturally found close to the surface. This species is carnivorous .

The european barracuda is a territorial animal that does not tolerate any incursions into its living area. It is particularly virulent against other territorial species and it can provoke heated fights.


  • Reproduction
    ovipare qui pond en eau libre

The european barracuda is a fish ovipare qui pond en eau libre.

Risks for humans

  • Venomous
  • Bite

This species can attack if it feels threatened. It is important to be particularly vigilant especially during dives or fishing sessions.

Where to find it?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Temperature
    14 - 22 °C
  • Depth
    0 - 100 m

Biotope presentation

The european barracuda is most often found at a depth between 0m and 100m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

Species of the same biotope

To go further

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Adrien Falzon

Adrien Falzon

Benoit Chartrer

Benoit Chartrer


Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

Interact with Fishipedia

To get in touch with our team or participate in our project.

Template and content © Fishipedia - Unauthorized reproduction without prior request - ISSN 2270-7247 - Last modification 11/11/2023

Same genus

Species of the same biotope

Scientific partners

  • {{name}}

    {{#street_number}}{{street_number}}, {{/street_number}}{{#route}}{{route}}{{/route}}
    {{postal_code}} {{town}}