azores chromis

Scientific name Chromis limbata
Descriptor Valenciennes
Year of description 1833
IUCN category LC
Family Pomacentridae
Genus Chromis
Chromis limbata Chromis limbata


Chromis limbata, commonly known as azores chromis, is a salt water fish from the Temperate Eastern Atlantic Ocean.

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Who is it?


  • Average size
    9 cm
  • Maximum size
    12 cm
  • Average size
    9 cm
  • Maximum size
    12 cm

How to recognize the azores chromis ?

The azores chromis measures around 9 cm. The dominant males can however reach 12 cm. The azores chromis measures around 9 cm. The females are more imposing and some specimens can reach 12 cm. This fish is multicolore with a predominantly jaune, bleu, noir, violet and gris body.

Sexual dimorphism

The female is bigger than the male.
The adult male is bigger than the female.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
    omnivorous with carnivorous tendency
  • Sociability
  • territorial
  • Way of living

The azores chromis is a fish gregarious naturally found near the bottom. This species is omnivorous with carnivorous tendency .


  • Reproduction
    ovipare qui pond sur substrat caché
  • Hermaphrodite

The azores chromis is a fish ovipare qui pond sur substrat caché. always born female. Growing up, individuals will change sex to become male, this is called successive hermaphroditism of the protogynous type. This fish protects its eggs from nearby predators.

Harmless species

This species does not represent any particular threats to humans when encountered in its natural environment.

Where to find it?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Temperature
    15 - 26 °C
  • Depth
    5 - 45 m

Biotope presentation

The azores chromis is most often found at a depth between 5m and 45m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

Species of the same biotope

To go further

Species of the same family

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Adrien Falzon

Adrien Falzon


Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

Bibliographic references

The recent colonization of south Brazil by the Azores chromis Chromis limbata - A. B. Anderson - E. M. Salas - L.A. Rocha - S. R. Floeter - WILEY - 2017.

Population expansion of the invasive Pomacentridae Chromis limbata (Valenciennes, 1833) in southern Brazilian coast: long-term monitoring, fundamental niche availability and new records - Antônio B. Anderson - Jodir Pereira da Silva - Raquel Sorvilo - Carlo Leopoldo B. Francini - SERGIO R. FLOETER - João P. Barreiros - WILEY - 2020.

Reproductive synchrony in a temperate damselfish,Chromis limbata - Betty J.L. Laglbauer - Pedro Afonso - Anick Donnay - Ricardo S. Santos - acta ethologica - 2016.

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Species of the same family

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Species of the same biotope

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