Cichla melaniae

Scientific name Cichla melaniae
Descriptor Kullander & Ferreira
Year of description 2006
IUCN category LC
Family Cichlidae
Genus Cichla
Cichla melaniae Cichla melaniae


Cichla melaniae is a fresh water fish from the Amérique du Sud.

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Who is it?


  • Average size
    30 cm
  • Maximum size
    36 cm
  • Longevity
    12 year
  • Pattern
    vertical stripes
  • Average size
    30 cm
  • Maximum size
    36 cm
  • Longevity
    12 year
  • Pattern
    vertical stripes

How to recognize Cichla melaniae ?

Cichla melaniae measures between 30 and 36 cm. This fish is bicolore with a predominantly vert and noir body. The also has noir vertical stripes.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
  • Sociability
    living as a couple or alone
  • territorial
  • Way of living

Cichla melaniae hunts in the stalk and is one of the predators of its biotope. Opportunistic, it does not hesitate to attack any smaller animal nearby.

Cichla melaniae is a fish living as a couple or alone naturally found at mid-depth and near the bottom. This species is carnivorous .

This species is territorial and does not appreciate the presence of intruders nearby, especially animals with similar behavior. It can also be virulent toward conspecifics. However, Cichla melaniae is generally peaceful with non-territorial animals that cannot be potential prey.


  • Reproduction
    ovipare qui pond sur substrat découvert

Cichla melaniae is a fish ovipare qui pond sur substrat découvert.

Harmless species

This species does not represent any particular threats to humans when encountered in its natural environment.

Where to find it?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Temperature
    28 - 32 °C
  • pH (acidity)
    6 - 6.5
  • gh (hardness)
    1 - 8
  • Flow

Biotope presentation

Cichla melaniae prefers well oxygenated waters in current areas and rapids. It frequents fast flowing waters where the bottom is strewn with pebbles, wood or leaves carried by the current. It can be found not far from waterfalls .

Species of the same biotope


Not recommended

We do not recommend keeping this species in an aquarium. It has unpredictable needs which, if not met, generate significant stress, potentially leading to a shorter life expectancy, an interruption of its growth or the development of pathogens.

To go further

Species of the same family

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Benoit Chartrer

Benoit Chartrer


Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

Bibliographic references

Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the Neotropical cichlid fish tribe Cichlasomatini (Teleostei: Cichlidae: Cichlasomatinae) - Zuzana Musilová - Oldřich Říčan - Karel JankobJindřich Novák - Elsevier Ltd - 2008.

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Species of the same family

Same genus

Species of the same biotope

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