european anchovy

Scientific name Engraulis encrasicolus
Descriptor Linnaeus
Year of description 1758
IUCN category LC
Family Engraulidae
Genus Engraulis
Engraulis encrasicolus Engraulis encrasicolus


Engraulis encrasicolus, commonly known as european anchovy, is a salt water fish.

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Who is it?


  • Average size
    13.5 cm
  • Maximum size
    20 cm
  • Longevity
    5 year
  • Average size
    13.5 cm
  • Maximum size
    20 cm
  • Longevity
    5 year

How to recognize the european anchovy ?

The european anchovy measures between 13.5 and 20 cm. This fish is bicolore with a predominantly bleu, argent and gris body.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
  • Sociability
    living in shoals
  • territorial
  • Way of living

The european anchovy is a fish living in shoals naturally found mid-depth and near surface. This species is carnivorous .

Although the european anchovy is non-territorial, it is sometimes aggressive towards other species.


  • Reproduction
    ovipare oeufs flottants

The european anchovy is a fish ovipare oeufs flottants.

Harmless species

This species does not represent any particular threats to humans when encountered in its natural environment.

Where to find it?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Temperature
    7 - 18 °C
  • Depth
    0 - 400 m

Biotope presentation

The european anchovy is most often found at a depth between 0m and 400m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

Species of the same biotope

To go further

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Adrien Falzon

Adrien Falzon


Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

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