blotched picarel

Scientific name Spicara maena
Descriptor Linnaeus
Year of description 1758
IUCN category (World) LC
Family Sparidae
Genus Spicara
Spicara maena Spicara maena


Spicara maena, commonly known as blotched picarel, is a salt water fish.

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Who is it?


  • Average size
    20 cm
  • Maximum size
    25 cm
  • Longevity
    8 year
  • Average size
    20 cm
  • Maximum size
    25 cm
  • Longevity
    8 year

How to recognize the blotched picarel ?

The blotched picarel measures around 20 cm. The dominant males can however reach 25 cm. This fish is bicolore with a predominantly jaune and bleu body.

Sexual dimorphism

The adult male is bigger than the female.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
    omnivorous with carnivorous tendency
  • Sociability
    living in shoals
  • territorial
  • Way of living

The blotched picarel is a fish living in shoals naturally found at mid-depth. This species is omnivorous with carnivorous tendency .

Although the blotched picarel is non-territorial, it is sometimes aggressive towards other species.


  • Reproduction
    ovipare qui pond en eau libre
  • Hermaphrodite

The blotched picarel is a fish ovipare qui pond en eau libre. always born female. Growing up, individuals will change sex to become male, this is called successive hermaphroditism of the protogynous type. This fish protects its eggs from nearby predators.

Harmless species

This species does not represent any particular threats to humans when encountered in its natural environment.

Where to find it?

Where to see this species?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Depth
    10 - 200 m
  • Environment
    Active pelagic

Biotope presentation

The blotched picarel is most often found at a depth between 10m and 200m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

Species of the same biotope

To go further

Species of the same family

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Benoit Chartrer

Benoit Chartrer

Adrien Falzon

Adrien Falzon


Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

Bibliographic references

Age and growth of blotched picarel (Spicara maena Linnaeus, 1758) in the Sea of Marmara and Northern Aegean Sea - Burak Saygılı - Ali İşmen - Mukadder Arslan İhsanoğlu - Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences - 2016.

Growth and reproduction of blotched picarel (Spicara maena Linnaeus, 1758) in the central Aegean Sea, Turkey - Hasan Tuncay KINACIGİL - TÜBİTAK - 2009.

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Template and content © Fishipedia - Unauthorized reproduction without prior request - ISSN 2270-7247 - Last modification 13/11/2023

Where to see this species?

Scientific partners

Species of the same family

Same genus

Species of the same biotope

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