atlantic cod

Scientific name Gadus morhua
Descriptor Linnaeus
Year of description 1758
IUCN category VU
Family Gadidae
Genus Gadus
Gadus morhua Gadus morhua


Gadus morhua, commonly known as atlantic cod, is a salt water fish.

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Who is it?


  • Average size
    100 cm
  • Maximum size
    200 cm
  • Longevity
    25 year
  • Pattern
  • Average size
    100 cm
  • Maximum size
    200 cm
  • Longevity
    25 year
  • Pattern

How to recognize the atlantic cod ?

This fish has the particularity to possess several pairs of barbels, which allow him to search the bottom and to detect the food thus moved.

The atlantic cod measures between 100 and 200 cm. This fish is bicolore with a predominantly jaune and blanc body. The also has noir ponctuations.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
  • Sociability
    living in shoals
  • territorial
  • Way of living

The atlantic cod is a fish living in shoals naturally found mid-depth and near surface. This species is carnivorous .

Although the atlantic cod is non-territorial, it is sometimes aggressive towards other species.


  • Reproduction

The atlantic cod is a fish ovipare.

Harmless species

This species does not represent any particular threats to humans when encountered in its natural environment.

Where to find it?

Where to see this species?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Temperature
    1 - 10 °C
  • Depth
    0 - 600 m
  • Environment
    Active pelagic

Biotope presentation

The atlantic cod is most often found at a depth between 0m and 600m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

Species of the same biotope

To go further

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Adrien Falzon

Adrien Falzon


Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

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Where to see this species?

Species of the same biotope

Scientific partners

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