blackedge thicklip wrasse

Scientific name Hemigymnus melapterus
Descriptor Bloch
Year of description 1791
IUCN category LC
Family Labridae
Genus Hemigymnus
Hemigymnus melapterus Hemigymnus melapterus


Hemigymnus melapterus, commonly known as blackedge thicklip wrasse, is a salt water fish.

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Who is it?


  • Average size
    30 cm
  • Maximum size
    39.6 cm
  • Pattern
    drawn scales
  • Average size
    30 cm
  • Maximum size
    39.6 cm
  • Pattern
    drawn scales

How to recognize the blackedge thicklip wrasse ?

The blackedge thicklip wrasse measures between 30 and 39.6 cm. This fish is bicolore with a predominantly jaune, vert, noir, marron, blanc and gris body. The also has bleu, vert and noir drawn scales.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
    omnivorous with carnivorous tendency
  • Sociability
    living in a group or alone
  • territorial
  • Way of living

The blackedge thicklip wrasse is a fish living in a group or alone. This species is omnivorous with carnivorous tendency .

Although the blackedge thicklip wrasse is non-territorial, it is sometimes aggressive towards other species.


  • Reproduction
  • Hermaphrodite

The blackedge thicklip wrasse is a fish ovipare. always born female. Growing up, individuals will change sex to become male, this is called successive hermaphroditism of the protogynous type.

Harmless species

This species does not represent any particular threats to humans when encountered in its natural environment.

Where to find it?

Where to see this species?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Temperature
    25 - 29 °C
  • Depth
    1 - 30 m

Biotope presentation

The blackedge thicklip wrasse is most often found at a depth between 1m and 30m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

Species of the same biotope

To go further

Species of the same family

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Aurélien Calas

Aurélien Calas

Adrien Falzon

Adrien Falzon


Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

Bibliographic references

Review of the Indo-Pacific labrid fish genus Hemigymnus - J.E. Randall - Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation - 2013. vol.6

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Where to see this species?

Species of the same family

Same genus

Species of the same biotope

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