ornate leopard wrasse

Scientific name Macropharyngodon ornatus
Descriptor Randall
Year of description 1978
IUCN category LC
Family Labridae
Genus Macropharyngodon
Macropharyngodon ornatus Macropharyngodon ornatus


Macropharyngodon ornatus, commonly known as ornate leopard wrasse, is a salt water fish.

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Who is it?


  • Average size
    12 cm
  • Maximum size
    13 cm
  • Pattern
  • Average size
    12 cm
  • Maximum size
    13 cm
  • Pattern

How to recognize the ornate leopard wrasse ?

The ornate leopard wrasse measures around 12 cm. The dominant males can however reach 13 cm. This fish is bicolore with a predominantly vert and orange body. The also has vert ponctuations.

Sexual dimorphism

The adult male is bigger than the female.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
  • Sociability
    living in a group or alone
  • territorial
  • Way of living

The ornate leopard wrasse is a fish living in a group or alone naturally found near the bottom. This species is carnivorous .

Although the ornate leopard wrasse is non-territorial, it is sometimes aggressive towards other species. In a constant quest for dominance, the dominant males of this species cannot stand each other. The battle between two individuals can be intense and violent. It will result in the submission and sometimes even death of one of the protagonists.


  • Reproduction
    ovipare qui enfouit ses œufs
  • Hermaphrodite

The ornate leopard wrasse is a fish ovipare qui enfouit ses œufs. always born female. Growing up, individuals will change sex to become male, this is called successive hermaphroditism of the protogynous type.

Harmless species

This species does not represent any particular threats to humans when encountered in its natural environment.

Where to find it?

Where to see this species?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Temperature
    25 - 29 °C
  • Depth
    2 - 30 m

Biotope presentation

The ornate leopard wrasse is most often found at a depth between 2m and 30m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

Species of the same biotope

To go further

Species of the same family

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Benoit Chartrer

Benoit Chartrer

Pauline Gély

Pauline Gély


Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

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