bull shark

Scientific name Carcharhinus leucas
Descriptor Müller & Henle
Year of description 1839
IUCN category VU
Family Carcharhinidae
Genus Carcharhinus
Carcharhinus leucas Carcharhinus leucas


Carcharhinus leucas, commonly known as bull shark, is a salt water fish.

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Who is it?


  • Average size
    190 cm
  • Maximum size
    230 cm
  • Longevity
    32 year
  • Shape
  • Average size
    190 cm
  • Maximum size
    230 cm
  • Longevity
    32 year
  • Shape

How to recognize the bull shark ?

The bull shark measures around 190 cm. The females are more imposing and some specimens can reach 230 cm. This fish is unicolore with a predominantly gris body.

Sexual dimorphism

The female is bigger than the male.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
  • Sociability
  • territorial
  • Way of living

The bull shark hunts in the stalk and is one of the predators of its biotope. Opportunistic, it does not hesitate to attack any smaller animal nearby.

The bull shark is a fish solitary. This species is carnivorous .

Although the bull shark is non-territorial, it is sometimes aggressive towards other species.


  • Reproduction
  • Migratory species

The bull shark is a fish ovipare.

Risks for humans

  • Venomous
  • Bite

This species can attack if it feels threatened. It is important to be particularly vigilant especially during dives or fishing sessions.

Where to find it?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Temperature
    24 - 28 °C
  • Depth
    1 - 152 m
  • Environment
    Active pelagic

Biotope presentation

The bull shark is most often found at a depth between 1m and 152m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

Species of the same biotope

To go further

Species of the same family

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Adrien Falzon

Adrien Falzon

Benoit Chartrer

Benoit Chartrer


Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

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