sand tiger shark

Scientific name Carcharias taurus
Descriptor Rafinesque
Year of description 1810
IUCN category CR
Family Carcharhinidae
Genus Carcharias
Carcharias taurus Carcharias taurus


Carcharias taurus, commonly known as sand tiger shark, is a salt water fish.

Who is it?


  • Average size
    220 cm
  • Maximum size
    300 cm
  • Shape
  • Average size
    220 cm
  • Maximum size
    300 cm
  • Shape

How to recognize the sand tiger shark ?

The sand tiger shark measures between 220 and 300 cm. This fish is unicolore with a predominantly gris body.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
  • Sociability
    living in a group or alone
  • territorial
  • Way of living

The sand tiger shark is a fish living in a group or alone. This species is carnivorous .

Although the sand tiger shark is non-territorial, it is sometimes aggressive towards other species.


  • Reproduction

The sand tiger shark is a fish ovovivipare.

Risks for humans

  • Venomous
  • Bite

This species can attack if it feels threatened. It is important to be particularly vigilant especially during dives or fishing sessions.

Where to find it?

Where to see this species?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Depth
    0 - 200 m
  • Environment
    Active pelagic

Biotope presentation

The sand tiger shark is most often found at a depth between 0m and 200m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

Species of the same biotope


Not recommended

We do not recommend keeping this species in an aquarium. It has unpredictable needs which, if not met, generate significant stress, potentially leading to a shorter life expectancy, an interruption of its growth or the development of pathogens.

To go further

Species of the same family

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Benoit Chartrer

Benoit Chartrer

Adrien Falzon

Adrien Falzon


Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

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Where to see this species?

Species of the same family

Species of the same biotope

Scientific partners

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