longear sunfish

Scientific name Lepomis megalotis
Descriptor Rafinesque
Year of description 1820
IUCN category LC
Family Centrarchidae
Genus Lepomis
Lepomis megalotis Lepomis megalotis


Lepomis megalotis, commonly known as longear sunfish, is a fresh water fish from the North America.

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Who is it?


  • Average size
    12 cm
  • Maximum size
    24 cm
  • Longevity
    6 year
  • Shape
  • Average size
    12 cm
  • Maximum size
    24 cm
  • Longevity
    6 year
  • Shape

How to recognize the longear sunfish ?

The longear sunfish measures between 12 and 24 cm. This fish is multicolore with a predominantly rouge, bleu and orange body.

Behaviour & Life cycle

  • diet
  • Sociability
    living in a group or alone
  • territorial
  • Way of living

The longear sunfish is a fish living in a group or alone naturally found mid-depth and near surface. This species is carnivorous .

This species is territorial and does not appreciate the presence of intruders nearby, especially animals with similar behavior. It can also be virulent toward conspecifics. However, the longear sunfish has little concern for non-territorial animals.


  • Reproduction
    ovipare qui pond sur substrat découvert

The longear sunfish is a fish ovipare qui pond sur substrat découvert.

Harmless species

This species does not represent any particular threats to humans when encountered in its natural environment.

Where to find it?

What is its habitat?

Natural environment characteristics

  • Temperature
    4 - 28 °C
  • pH (acidity)
    7 - 7.5
  • gh (hardness)
    10 - 15
  • Flow
    Slow and Stagnant

Biotope presentation

The longear sunfish is most often found at a depth between 0m and 2m. However, it is not impossible to find this species at other depths.

Species of the same biotope

To go further

Species of the same family

To read on the web

Sources & Contributions

Participation & Validation

The Fishipedia team and specialist contributors are committed to providing high-quality content. However, although the information comes from scientific sources or testimonials from specialists, the cards may contain inaccuracies.

Benoit Chartrer

Benoit Chartrer


Translation done with the valuable contribution of our translators, who make this information available to a wider audience. We sincerely thank them for their commitment.

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Species of the same family

Same genus

Species of the same biotope

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